Counselors and psychotherapists come from various professional disciplines, including social work, psychology, psychiatry, educational counseling, pastoral counseling and psychoanalysis. All these backgrounds prepare their graduates to do this work, but with differing orientations and specializations. What is most important is that you feel that the person you are seeing respects you and is non-judgmental, inspires your confidence, and helps you to feel comfortable, rather than which of these disciplines they belong to.
However, should you need or want specialized services such as psychological testing, or treatment for substance abuse or for an eating disorder, you need to ensure that you locate a practitioner with the appropriate qualifications. Psychiatrists are medical doctors, and only they can prescribe medication, should this be necessary. Individuals who need medication for their psychological problems are often followed by an M.D. for their medication, as well as seeing a psychotherapist. For further information concerning qualifications and specializations, refer to the appropriate professional order (e.g. Ordre professionnelle des Psychologues du Quebec, Ordre des travailleurs sociaux et des thérapeutes conjugaux et familiaux du Québec, etc.)